カテゴリ:中東問題( 13 )

フランスや英国も軍事行動に参加

【ワシントン共同】トランプ米大統領は13日、国民向け演説で、シリア首都ダマスカス近郊東グータ地区で化学兵器を使い市民を殺傷したとしてアサド政権への攻撃を指示したと発表した。フランスや英国も軍事行動に参加すると表明。シリアからの報道によると、米軍は英仏両軍とシリア攻撃を開始した。トランプ政権によるシリアへの軍事攻撃は、昨年4月に続き2度目となる。

 アサド政権の後ろ盾のロシアが常任理事国を務める国連安全保障理事会では、結束した対応が期待できないと判断、大量破壊兵器である化学兵器の使用を問題視し再び攻撃を決断した。ロシアの反発は必至で、緊張が高まるとみられる。


 トランプ米大統領(ゲッティ=共同)、シリアのアサド大統領(タス=共同)


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by daisukepro | 2018-04-14 10:50 | 中東問題

トランプ大統領 シリアに攻撃命令

 【ワシントン高本耕太】トランプ米大統領は13日夜(日本時間14日午前)、シリアの化学兵器使用疑惑を巡ってシリアに対する攻撃を命令したと発表した。英仏も参加し攻撃はすでに実行されているといい、トランプ氏は「シリアの化学兵器使用を止めるまで対応を継続する」と述べた。
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by daisukepro | 2018-04-14 10:46 | 中東問題

パレスチナ人の死者が計16人に、負傷者は1400人以上。

エルサレム共同】パレスチナ自治区ガザの医療当局者は30日、大規模デモの参加者に対するイスラエル軍の発砲や、同軍戦車の砲撃などによるパレスチナ人の死者が計16人に上ったことを明らかにした。負傷者は1400人以上。パレスチナのメディアが伝えた。

 ガザでの1日の犠牲者としては、2014年夏にイスラエルとイスラム組織ハマスとの間で起きた大規模戦闘以降で最悪規模となった。パレスチナ自治政府のアッバス議長は31日を犠牲者追悼の日にすると宣言した。

 イスラエル軍は、ハマスがデモを口実に攻撃を行っていると非難した。

 30日、パレスチナ自治区ガザで行われたデモで、声を上げる参加者ら(ロイター=共同)

 30日、パレスチナ自治区ガザで行われたデモで、声を上げる参加者ら(ロイター=共同)


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by daisukepro | 2018-03-31 22:36 | 中東問題

イランで反政府デモが計約40都市に拡大 21人の死亡が確認

【テヘラン共同】中東のイスラム教シーア派大国イランで反政府デモが計約40都市に拡大し、2日までに参加者計21人の死亡が確認された。警官隊との衝突などで計400人以上が一時拘束。発端は市民生活の不満だったが、非難の矛先は1979年の王制崩壊以来続く厳格なイスラム共和制そのものにも向いた。強権を握る治安当局が異論を弾圧してきた同国では異例の事態で、政情の不安定化が懸念される。

 2009年に大統領選の不正を訴える反政府デモで数十人が死亡して以降、最大規模の衝突。国営テレビなどによると、中部ナジャファバードでは1日、男が猟銃を発砲した。

 イラン・テヘラン西郊エルブルズ州の街頭の抗議デモを伝えるビデオ画像=2017年12月31日(ロイター=共同)

 イラン・テヘラン西郊エルブルズ州の街頭の抗議デモを伝えるビデオ画像=2017年12月31日(ロイター=共同)


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by daisukepro | 2018-01-02 18:42 | 中東問題

パレスチナ人610人が拘束され、18歳未満の子ども170人

c0013092_19202416.jpg
【カイロ=奥田哲平】エルサレムをイスラエルの首都と認定したトランプ米大統領の宣言から三週間余りで、パレスチナ自治区で抗議デモなどに参加したパレスチナ人六百十人が拘束され、十八歳未満の子ども百七十人が含まれることが分かった。パレスチナのメディアが二十六日に伝えた。

 十一月末時点でイスラエルの刑務所に収監中の子どもは三百十一人だったが、デモ多発後に急増した形だ。パレスチナ赤新月社によると、治安部隊との衝突での負傷者は三千六百人。子どもに限ると、今月五~十八日に三百四十五人が負傷した。パレスチナで子どもの人権保護に取り組む非政府組織(NGO)のハリド・コズマール事務局長は「イスラエル軍の子どもへの対応が以前よりも攻撃的になっている」と指摘する。

 投石する参加者に対して治安部隊がゴム弾や催涙ガスで鎮圧する抗議デモでは従来はゴム弾で下半身を狙っていたが、コズマール氏は「今回は構わず撃っており、顔に当たって失明した子どもがいる」と訴える。

 トルコのエルドアン大統領は今月十三日のイスラム協力機構(OIC)緊急首脳会合で、拘束されたパレスチナ人の少年が二十人のイスラエル兵に囲まれる写真を示し、「占領国家だ」と非難した。コズマール事務局長は「収監されれば学校に行けず、子どもの未来が破壊される」として人権への配慮を求めている。


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by daisukepro | 2017-12-30 19:18 | 中東問題

国連総会の緊急特別会合 賛成は128、反対が9、棄権が35

【ニューヨーク共同】トランプ米大統領がエルサレムをイスラエルの首都と正式認定した問題で、国連総会の緊急特別会合は21日、米政府を批判し、認定の撤回を求める決議案を賛成多数で採択した。賛成は128、反対が9、棄権が35だった。米国の孤立ぶりが際立った。日本は従来の方針通り賛成した。

c0013092_07431615.jpg

 パレスチナ自治政府のマルキ外相は採択後、「パレスチナの人々やイスラム教徒、世界中の自由な人々が勝利した。私たちは侮辱も脅迫も受け入れない」と強調した。

 米国のヘイリー国連大使は投票前の演説で、エルサレムへの米大使館移転は「米国民の意思だ」と訴えて正当化。

 米国のエルサレム首都認定問題を巡る国連総会の緊急特別会合に出席したヘイリー米国連大使(前列右端)=21日、ニューヨーク(共同)

 米国のエルサレム首都認定問題を巡る国連総会の緊急特別会合に出席したヘイリー米国連大使(前列右端)=21日、ニューヨーク(共同)


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by daisukepro | 2017-12-22 07:30 | 中東問題

'Beaten' Palestinian boy in viral photo to face charges

'Beaten' Palestinian boy in viral photo to face charges

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Fawzi al-Junaidi has been accused of throwing stones and will face formal charges in front of an Israeli military court on Wednesday [Wisam Hashlamoun/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images]
Fawzi al-Junaidi has been accused of throwing stones and will face formal charges in front of an
Israeli military court on Wednesday [Wisam Hashlamoun/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images]

A 16-year-old Palestinian boy, shown in a photo that has been roundly condemned as symbolising the Israeli army's use of excessive force, has been accused of throwing stones at a group of armed Israeli soldiers.

An image of Fawzi al-Junaidi, blindfolded and surrounded by more than 20 Israeli occupation forces, was widely denounced as it was shared on social media earlier this week.

The scene pictures al-Junaidi looking disoriented, wearing a grey shirt and ripped jeans as dozens of soldiers crowd around him carrying guns and wearing protective gear, including helmets and knee pads.

The teenager, who denies throwing stones, was arrested on Thursday amid ongoing protests across the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip over a US decision on December 6 to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

In six days, at least 16 other Palestinians have been arrested for protesting. At least four have been killed in the violence since the US declaration, and more than 700 injured.

'He was beaten with a rifle'

Al-Junaidi also denies accusations of "participating in protests".

Witnesses have claimed they saw al-Junaidi throwing stones.

"He said he was fearful and was running away when tear gas canisters were being thrown," his lawyer, Farah Bayadsi, told Al Jazeera. "Fawzi said he was beaten with a rifle and he showed up with bruises all over his neck, chest and back."

She told Al Jazeera that the child would face formal charges in front of an Israeli military court on Wednesday, following an initial hearing on Monday.

"The police had called for an extension on Fawzi's arrest during the initial hearing," said Bayadsi, who works under the Defence for Children International - Palestine (DCIP).

"The prosecutor demanded a seven-day extension to the arrest so that they can prepare a list of indictments, but we refused. The list of formal charges will be announced [Wednesday] at the second hearing," she said.

According to Bayadsi, the judge was stunned at the excessive force that al-Junaidi was subjected to - most apparent in the manner in which he was transferred to prison.

"He showed up with large slippers from the prison. He had lost his shoes and spoke about the way he was abused while being transferred to prison," she said.

"The prosecutors didn't even say whether the soldiers would be investigated for using excessive force. The whole case so far has been handled with neglect."

Though unlikely, Bayadsi said the defence team would try to secure al-Junaidi's release while his case is ongoing.

"It would be easier to speak with him [and] other witnesses, and to gather more evidence," she said.

'He was not protesting'

Due to his father's leg injury and his mother's terminal illness, al-Junaidi had been the main provider for his family of nine.

His uncle Rashad said that he was simply in the wrong place at the wrong time.

"He left his house to buy some groceries. Unfortunately, as he was looking for the store, he bumped into a military ambush and was confronted with Israeli forces.

"They beat him, blindfolded him, arrested him, and first took him to the detention centre in a nearby settlement. That night, at 2am, he was transferred another detention centre," he told Al Jazeera.

"The day after, they took him to Ofer prison."

Ofer is in Israel and mostly holds administrative detainees. The prison rarely grants prisoners with visitation rights, and families are often denied permits to cross over to Israel altogether.

"He was not protesting or anything", Rashad said. "Unfortunately, there has been absolutely no form of communication – we haven't spoken to him since his arrest."

Administrative detention is a practice in which Israel imprisons Palestinians without charge or trial, often based on "secret evidence".

More than 300 children detained in Israeli prisons

Ayed Abu Qtaish, DCIP's accountability programme director, said about 320 children are currently held in Israeli prisons and detention centres.

"In October 2015, there was a spike in the number of children being interrogated and arrested … A lot of them end up being tried in military courts," he said.

"These children are usually picked up at protests, arrested for throwing stones, for allegedly possessing a weapon, things like that," he explained.

Arrests of children usually happen at friction points – either near settlements, bypass roads, or at a construction site neat the separation barrier, he said.

"During these arrests, the children undergo various types of mistreatment, including torture," he said.

The southern West Bank city of Hebron has become the site of several Israeli settlements in the middle of the local Palestinian population.

According to Israeli rights group B'Tselem, Palestinians in Hebron have been subject to restrictions on movement, the closure of main streets, and the shutting down of a major commercial hub.

B'Tselem has documented Palestinians' experiences of lengthy, humiliating inspections at 20 permanent checkpoints across Hebron.

The presence of Israeli soldiers has led to a cycle of confrontation, often resulting in nightly military raids and arrests.

'The infamous breaking the bones policy is back'

Amjad Al-Najjar, spokesperson for the Hebron-based Palestinian Prisoners Club, told Al Jazeera that since the last wave of protests, Israeli forces have used excessive force when beating and arresting Palestinians.

"The infamous breaking the bones policy is back," he said, referencing policy by Israel's former Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.

When he was defence minister during the first Intifada - or mass uprising, Rabin ordered Israeli army commanders to break the bones of Palestinian protesters.

Today, this policy has evolved to specifically target the knees and legs of Palestinian youth to disable them and as a means to prevent them from protesting altogether.

"In the last few days, after the protests over the US embassy move, a lot of the youth who return home after being detained were in miserable shape," said Al-Najjar.

"They're often covered in blood and with stitches on their heads as a result of being severely abused and beaten up by Israeli forces," he added.

"They're often in so much pain, that they are unable to consume water and food."


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by daisukepro | 2017-12-12 22:12 | 中東問題

A wave of anger against a US decisionhas spread from Asia

A wave of anger against a US decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel's capital has spread from Asia, through the Middle East, to North Africa, with tens of thousands of people taking to the streets to denounce the controversial move.

Protesters filled central avenues and squares in a number of major international cities on Sunday, waving the flag of Palestine and shouting slogans to express their solidarity with the Palestinians, who see East Jerusalem as the capital of their future state.

US President Donald Trump's announcement on Wednesday drew near-universal condemnation from world leaders and inflamed the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, with violence flaring up in the occupied Palestinian territories for a fifth day.

According to the Palestinian Red Crescent, 157 people were injured on Sunday in confrontations with Israeli forces in the occupied West Bank, Jerusalem and Gaza.

At least four Palestinians have been killed in the Gaza Strip since the US declaration.

A protest outside the US embassy in Lebanon's Beirut turned violent [Mohamed Azakir/Reuters]

Clashes also erupted on Sunday at a protest in Beirut, where demonstrators fought with security forces outside the US embassy in the Lebanese capital.

Demonstrators set fires in the street, torched US and Israeli flags and threw stones at police officers, who responded with tear gas and water cannon.

Adnan Abdullah, a protester in Beirut, said Trump's Jerusalem decision "will not happen as long as there are people like us".

Another demonstrator, whose face was hidden behind a black mask, held up a tear gas canister and condemned Lebanese forces for "defending America".

READ MORE

US Jerusalem move dominates Macron-Netanyahu talks

He went on to add, "There is no one by our side. None of the Arab countries. Oh God, we will raise the Palestinian flag"

Arab foreign ministers, in a resolution on Sunday, urged Trump to rescind the decision and have called for a UN Security Council condemnation of the shift in US policy.

Meanwhile, more than 5,000 Indonesians rallied outside the US embassy in Jakarta to vent their anger for a second day. Protesters carried Palestinian flags and banners saying "Pray for Palestine".

"We are not satisfied with just official statements," said Nurjannah Nurwani, one of the lead organisers of the gathering. "We need follow-up, international lobbying which could pressure them into withdrawing their decision."

Another female protester in Jakarta urged Trump to "use his brain" and "withdraw from Jerusalem".

Indonesian President Joko Widodo has condemned Trump's decision. On Thursday, he ordered the US ambassador in Jakarta to be summoned over the move.

Demonstrators wave Turkish and Palestinian flags at a rally in Istanbul [Osman Orsal/Reuters]

In Turkey's Istanbul, thousands of demonstrators took to the streets again, transforming the city's Yenikapi Square into a sea of Turkish and Palestinian flags.

"I feel like I should defend Palestine because I don't know any other way to defend them," said Ananda Sereka, who was at the protest. "So this is what I can do. This is the least I can do."

Israeli crackdown brings protests in Jerusalem to standstill

Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, one of the most vocal critics of Trump's move, has called the declaration "null and void" and vowed to fight it.

He has also called a summit of Islamic countries to discuss the move on Wednesday.

In Rabat, Morocco's capital, protesters yelled slurs against Trump and carried banners saying Jerusalem belonged to Palestine.

Al Jazeera's Hashem Ahelbarra, reporting from Rabat, said the protest was "a show of solidarity with the Palestinian people but also an opportunity to express anger" over Trump's decision.

"The protesters came from all walks of life," he said. "Government officials, members of the opposition, seculars and conservatives - all denouncing what they consider to be a decision that could destabilise the region."

Demonstrators in Rabat expressed their opposition to Trump's decision [Reuters]

Mohamed Boussaid, Morocco's finance minister, said the demonstration was a way "to express our indignation and un-satisfaction" and to show that "we refuse completely the decision taken by the president of the US".

Protester Mohamed Alghram agreed.

"We totally reject the decision that targets the most sacred place for us and we say no," he said. "Jerusalem is a red line."

Jerusalem is home to Islam's third holiest site and its status is deeply sensitive for Muslims.

In Indian-administered Kashmir, protesters took a different approach.

Residents of the capital Srinagar, home to 1.1 million people, closed their shops and abandoned the streets in protest. Salman Khan, a Srinagar resident, told the ANI news agency that Trump's decision was "completely unjust".

Muslim solidarity with Palestine also spread to the war-torn nations of Yemen and Syria.

Further protests were held in Egypt, where students and professors demonstrated at the Al-Azhar university.

In Pakistan's Karachi, hundreds of protesters marched towards the US Consulate in the city, but were turned back by riot police.


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by daisukepro | 2017-12-11 14:11 | 中東問題

米政権に抗議、世界へ波及 衝突で死者、エルサレム認定怒り

【エルサレム共同】トランプ米大統領がエルサレムをイスラエルの首都と正式承認してから初の金曜日となった8日、エルサレムやパレスチナ自治区でイスラム教の集団礼拝後に大規模デモが行われた。計数千人が参加し、イスラエル軍と衝突、パレスチナの保健当局や赤新月社によると、パレスチナ人1人が死亡、200人超が負傷した。抗議活動は各国に波及し、世界のイスラム教徒に怒りが広がった。

 パレスチナ諸派は「怒りの日」として参加を呼び掛けた。死者が出たのは自治区ガザで、イスラエル軍兵士の発砲を受けた。

 8日、エルサレム旧市街で、イスラエルの警察官(右)と対峙するパレスチナ人のデモ参加者ら(ロイター=共同)

 8日、エルサレム旧市街で、イスラエルの警察官(右)と対峙するパレスチナ人のデモ参加者ら(ロイター=共同)


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by daisukepro | 2017-12-09 08:10 | 中東問題

パレスチナ人数千人が抗議デモ、イスラエル軍との衝突で計約50人が負傷

【エルサレム共同】トランプ米大統領は6日、エルサレムをイスラエルの首都と宣言、歴代米政権の中東政策から大きく転換した。中東諸国では反発が拡大し、パレスチナ自治区ガザを実効支配するイスラム原理主義組織ハマスは7日、インティファーダ(反イスラエル闘争)開始を呼び掛けた。ヨルダン川西岸の自治区各地ではパレスチナ人数千人が抗議デモを実施し、一部で参加者が投石、イスラエル軍との衝突で計約50人が負傷した。国際テロ組織アルカイダ系「アラビア半島のアルカイダ」も「首都認定」を非難した。

 ロシアは首都認定が「国際社会の分裂を招く」と批判し「深刻な不安」を表明した。

 トランプ米政権への抗議デモで叫ぶパレスチナ人ら=7日、エルサレム旧市街(ロイター=共同)

 トランプ米政権への抗議デモで叫ぶパレスチナ人ら=7日、エルサレム旧市街(ロイター=共同)


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by daisukepro | 2017-12-08 21:38 | 中東問題